To practice regulated professions in Canada one needs to get licenced according to the law of that particular profession, for example in case of Law as a profession National Committee on Accreditation is a standing committee of the Federation of Law Societies of Canada. The federation covers Canada’s 14 provincial and territorial law societies.
Similarly, there are other licencing bodies for different professions.
Why do we need a licensing body?
Regulatory bodies govern a particular occupation to be employed in a field. Licenses and certifications given are only valid in the province, territory, or state where they are issued. In case of license and certification in other province, territory, or state one will have to reapply separately for that province. Also the licensing process followed are different in each province, territory and state.
Regulated Occupations in Canada:
There are few professions in Canada which are regulated to protect public health and safety like health care, teaching, law, trade etc. and it requires a licence and certificate from the regulatory council.
All doctors or physicians needs a certificate or licence from the medical regulatory authority in the province or territory to practice. Example- College of Physicians and Surgeons of British Columbia, College of Physicians and Surgeons of Ontario etc.
- Information Technology-
Canadian’s Association of information technology professional (CIPS) are the regulatory body for IT professionals.
- Law or Legal practice-
National Committee on Accreditation is a standing committee of the Federation of Law Societies of Canada. The federation covers Canada’s 14 provincial and territorial law societies.
In teaching profession, the basic requirement differs from that of another province so one should directly contact the regulatory body of the province. Example- Teacher Certification of Nova Scotia etc.
The Canadian accountancy profession is regulated by the provincial accounting bodies of Chartered Professional Accountants (CPAs) and the Canadian Public Accountability Board (CPAB).
In Canada there are different levels of nurses from licensed practical nurses, to registered nurses, more information can be gathered from Canadian Nurses Association.
Each province and territory has a dental regulatory authority in Canada, further information regarding the same is available on National Dental Examining Board of Canada and Commission on National Accreditation of Canada.
The National Association of Pharmacy Regulatory Authorities (NAPRA) regulates the practice of pharmacy and operation of pharmacies in the respective jurisdictions of Canada.
The licencing bodies are important as individuals practicing a regulated profession need to be able to show evidence of registration with the appropriate regulatory body in public interest.